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SPAS AND MINERAL SPRINGS

Olănești spa treatments include the main objectives of modern therapy: prophylactic (primary prophylaxis or health care for the healthy, and secondary prophylaxis - prevention of disease relapse), curative and recuperative therapies. Olănești spa treatment is divided into crenotherapy (mineral water treatments) and auxiliary treatment (hydrotherapy, electrotherapy, phototherapy, aerotherapeutics).
In terms of internal treatments, the method of administering 6 daily water intakes, as much as possible directly from the source (the bays arranged in the resort), because the hypotonic and isotonic waters (which contain nitrite sulfur, thiosulfates or colloidal sulfurous complexes) lose their stability in contact with the air, thus changing their appearance and pharmacodynamic actions within a few hours. This is why these waters are not bottled and not marketed. Some waters should be heated to certain temperatures before administration. In the big hotels, there are bars of mineral water supplied at fixed times 6 times a day. For the external treatments, the following facilities are present in the resort:
- a pavilion with installations for hot baths and vaginal irrigation, where over 1000 baths are taken daily.
- a hydrotherapy area with qualified sanitary personnel where one may take : general baths, partial baths, showers, massage showers, underwater showers, paraffin wraps, dry massages, baths with medicinal plants, baths with air bubbles.
- electrotherapy area: SoLux, partial light baths, ultraviolet rays, short waves, diathermy, 4-cell galvanic baths, diadynamic baths, Interdin, etc.
- a treatment area with aerosol installations.
- medical and kinetotherapy rooms (individual and group kinetotherapy; kinetotherapy with special equipment - ergometric bicycle, steppers, rolling carpets, etc. - individual and group hydrokinetotherapy in the pool.
- within the Parâng Hotel there is a physiotherapy and thermotherapy treatment base where 1286 medical procedures can be performed daily, among which:
- bubble baths and underwater showers, galvanic baths, mineral baths, plant baths
- mineral water injections, diadynamic current, ionization, solux
- stereodynamics, ultrasound, paraffin wraps, massage, aerosols
- magnetodiaflux, ultraviolets, shortwave, lasers
The unit is also equipped with a cultural and sports hall, 6 medical offices, a sterilization room and a laboratory for medical analyses.
- within the Olănești Hotel there are 4 medical offices, 8 physiotherapy offices where a series of procedures are performed as a therapy in conjunction with water treatments, a fitness room, an indoor pool.

Climatotherapy
Climatology is a very important factor for the treatment and prophylaxis of diseases. It consists of changing the environment for a period of at least 12 days.

Climatotherapy consists of two very important factors in the curative treatment, as well as in the prophylactic treatment: - calm, quiet, and stress-relief.
- exciting activity: systematic movement in the form of a field cure (trips, sports interspersed with hours of rest).

Dietotherapy
In Olănești, under the control of the specialized medical-sanitary personnel, a number of 5 major diets are prepared on a daily basis. Using the classification according to Prof. Pevzner, who divides dietotherapy into 15 diets, from diet 1 to diet 15, in Olănești, we serve diets 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, which comprise of all the diseases which are recommended to be treated at Olănești and which also require that a diet be followed.
Also, diet menus corresponding to the disease to be treated (low sodium, low acid, low protein, low fat, low sugar – for diabetes) in the villas and restaurants of the hotels.
Mineral Springs:
In 1910, Dr. Ion Puturianu classified mineral springs in different categories according to their
chemical make-up and their effects on organisms:
- 14 iodine springs
- 6 sulphur and codium-chloride springs
- 4 diuretic springs
- 1 bicarbonate, gas-emitting spring
- 2 abstergent springs
- 2 iron loaded springs
- 2 mixed springs
Between 1920 and 1922, following the studies carried out at Băile Olănești, Dr. Knetl, the hydrogeologist from “Rumpel” company in Vienna, concluded that the flow and temperature
of mineral waters remain constant or have very little variations. 30 hydro-mineral sources located in Olănești Valley were investigated (mineral springs no: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 19, 20, 24, 30),
and in Tisa Valley (mineral springs no: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18). Once the water was harnessed, the hydromineral sources were subjected to physical and chemical investigations by Dr. Krizon from Prague, by chemists Meta and Schwartz of the Geological Institute, by Dr. V. Bianu, Dr. C. Mihăilescu, Dr. L. Alexiu, and Dr. P. Petrescu.
Following the analyses, in 1926 the mineral springs from Olănești were classified into 3 groups according to the composition:
• hypotonic waters (mineral springs no: 24, 12, 11, 14, 10, 6)
• isotonic waters (mineral springs no: 5, 7, 30)
• very slightly hypertonic waters (mineral springs no: 19, 3, 20).

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